Palette, Brushes, Tools, and Techniques

Many artists list the colors that they typically have on their palette which is helpful at any stage in your painting career. Here's my list:

Yellow Ochre
Hansa Yellow
Burnt Umber
Raw Umber
Burnt Sienna
Ultramarine Blue
Ivory Black
Sap Green
Titanium White
Cobalt Violet Hue
Permanent Red

I love the Daniel Smith Company's oils because they're made with natural pigments and have a nice buttery consistency to the paint.


I use several types of synthetic and natural hair brushes but tend to use the following types.
Angular 1/2"
Angular 1/4"
Filbert 1/2"
Liners size 0 and size 2


I tend to use Liquin to mix with my paints to speed the drying process and also improve the flow of the paint.


 Painting Knife - This has become one of my favorite tools to use for painting since it helps loosen up my work and it's terrific for rocks, cliffs, mountains, and I use it on tree trunks as well. It's great for anything that requires a sharp edge.

 Light to Dark, Loose to Tight - Loose to Tight definitely describes my style these days..the early stages of my paintings look almost impressionistic in style but then as I feel the basics are right then I add the detail that I think is necessary. I also try to capture the basics of a scene first before Distant objects will always be lighter and then as you move forward the objects that are nearer will have stronger color values so this another method to follow when working at your painting.

 Finger Painting - You can laugh but sometimes my fingers do find their way into the process of completing a picture. While the paint is wet finger tips can be great for softening hard edges and making clouds look really soft and natural.

 Layering - Much of my work is done in layers. Layering can be especially effective if you want a lot of depth to your work. Underpainting or the inital layer of paint is also an important part of layering, in many cases the underpainting might show through multiple layers of paint.


Certain colors are complimentary in nature, that is they work particularly well together. Using color combinations such as yellow-purple and red-green can produce tremendous results in your artwork. I saw an example of this out west when I saw how well a golden grove of aspens up against the blue-purple backdrop of the Tetons.

Color can also convey temperature..blues can cool down a scene while yellowish\orange tones can warm up the feel of a picture.

For additional information or questions contact me at: